Aquarium pump: functions, types, care

It is difficult for a novice in aquariums to decide what equipment to choose. We'll figure out why you need a pump for the aquarium, what are its functions and how to pick it correctly.

What is the

pump for? Why do I need a pump for an aquarium? First, it pumps water into filtration systems or water sterilizers. Secondly, creates a current in the aquarium. Without it, water can stagnate. Stirring provides an even temperature throughout the tank, moreover, when mixed, the water is saturated with oxygen. Thirdly, with the help of a pump you can make brooks and waterfalls in the aquarium.

In addition, this device can be used to maintain the water level, and if the pump for the aquarium is equipped with a foam sponge, it can be used as an internal filter for mechanical cleaning from organic materials.

pump for aquarium

Types of pumps

Pumps differ in the installation method. They are of three types:

  • external;
  • internal;
  • universal.

The external pump( filter) for the aquarium is

installed outside the tank, and the internal pump is directly immersed in the water. Universal, respectively, can be attached to both sides of the aquarium glass. Usually, suction cups and special fasteners are used to secure the device.

Pumps can also be divided into 2 types, depending on the type of aquarium. In a freshwater aquarium devices with a metal axis are used. In salt water, such a construction will quickly cover with rust, therefore in pumps for marine aquariums, ceramics are used.

pump filter for aquarium

How to choose a pump

To correctly choose a pump for your aquarium, you need to consider several parameters. It matters not only the type and volume of the aquarium, but also the variety of the device.

First you need to determine the type of filter - internal or external, for a freshwater or saltwater aquarium. Many prefer external pumps, as they do not spoil the appearance of the aquarium. The second most important parameter is the correspondence of capacity and capacity of the pump to the volume of the aquarium. A suitable pump for the aquarium should pump 3/5 of its volume per hour. The capacity of the device is measured in l / h.

If the power is chosen incorrectly, then this will have negative consequences. A water pump for an aquarium with insufficient capacity simply can not cope with its functions, and a too powerful device will create a strong current in the aquarium that will interfere with fish, plants, etc.

Another factor that should be considered is the pump manufacturer. Today in stores there is a huge selection of famous company's pumps. No need to chase the cheapest device, it will be noisy, low-power and can quickly fail. Choose a mid-price pump of a well-known manufacturer. Pay attention to the parameters of the equipment.

water pump for aquarium

Another important parameter that you need to know about before buying is the noise of the pump, especially if the aquarium is installed in the bedroom. Many aquarists complain about the noise from the pump, so it's worth considering this point in advance.

How to care for the pump

The aquarium requires a weekly maintenance, including the cleaning of the pump. First of all, unplug the appliance before cleaning. The internal filter pump must be cleaned as needed. To flush the sponge, use water drained from the aquarium when changing water. Remove any plastic surfaces from the plaque with a brush or sponge.

The external pump needs cleaning much less often. Experts advise doing full cleaning not more than once every 6 months. Do this when necessary, when the water pressure begins to decrease. The pump must be disassembled, the tubes should be rinsed under running water, and the filter material must be carefully cleaned in aquarium water.