Every person constantly has a physiological process of hair replacement on his head: some hairs fall out, and new ones appear in their place. But sometimes this process fails and the number of dropped hair is much larger than that of the germinated ones. This can happen not only with an adult, but with a baby. Naturally, parents are very worried about this, especially if they have a girl. Why does the child get hair? The answer to this question will be considered below.
Causes of hair loss in a child up to the year
For the first time with hair loss in a child, parents encounter when it turns several months. The hair with which the child was born, thin and soft, resembling a fluff, roll out and gradually fall out. This is due to the fact that the newborn mostly lies and turns his head around.
Do not worry about the fact that the child's hair falls out, it has nothing to do with diseases or rickets. Soon, the scalp on the head of the baby will recover.
Why does the child's hair fall out intensel
y at the age of 4-5?
Quite often parents notice that the child at the age of 4-5 years has a lot of hair loss. Especially it is noticed by mothers of girls when combing long hairs. But do not worry about this, because during this period there is a hormonal rebuilding of the child's organism, which is accompanied by such a phenomenon.
If it seems to you that the child has a lot of hair loss, take him to the children's trichologist( a doctor dealing with problems of baldness and hair loss).The expert will examine the scalp of the baby and determine: excessive hair loss is associated with the disease or with age-related changes.
Causes of hair loss in a child aged 6 to 8 years
In the period from 6 to 8 years each child begins a new stage in his life - he goes to school. Naturally, for most children, changing the daily routine, setting and adapting to a new team is accompanied by emotional stress and even stress, which manifest themselves by many symptoms, including increased hair loss. You ask, what is the relationship between childhood experiences and the fact that the child has strong hair loss? This is due to the fact that in the body of a small person the tone and tension increase, the hair follicles contract, and insufficiently nourish the hair growing from them. Usually this is a temporary phenomenon that occurs when the child safely joins the collective, and gets used to the learning process.
Diseases that can lead to hair loss
In addition to the already considered "harmless" causes of hair loss in the child there are serious diseases that lead to partial or complete baldness. To these data, the ailments did not cause irreversible consequences, they must be diagnosed on time, and properly treated. Let's look at the symptoms of these diseases so you can understand in time, in which cases the baby should be shown to the trichologist.
Ringworm is the most common disease that leads to hair loss. Causes a lichen infection, which destroys follicles and hair rods in the skin of the head, eyelashes and eyebrows. The main symptom of this disease is the appearance on the head of darkened and flaky skin areas with broken or dropped hair.
Nesting alopecia( focal alopecia) is a disease in which the child has hair in oval or round shape. The skin in these places is completely devoid of hair, smooth, without signs of peeling and inflammation. Alopecia is characterized by the fact that baldness occurs very quickly, in some cases in just a few days, and in some even overnight. The main cause of focal alopecia is the attack of the body's immune system on the hair follicles. When the above symptoms appear, immediately show the baby to the trichologist, so that the doctor prescribes adequate and timely treatment. Approximately 5% of cases of alopecia not only spread throughout the body, but also provokes the appearance of dents and tuberosity on the nails.
Injury to the hair shaft is a very common cause of hair loss in a child. Usually, this leads to a strong pull of the hair with a constant collection of them in the tail or braiding braid. Also, the child's habit of pulling or twisting the hair contributes to the appearance of trauma.
Telogenous baldness is a specific disease leading to hair loss in children. To understand its nature, let's consider the process of hair growth. The life of the hair follicle consists of several phases. Within 2-6 years from the follicle hair grows continuously, then comes the "rest" period, about three weeks, and the resting phase( telogen phase), which lasts about three months. After the telogen phase, a period of intensive growth usually occurs, and the cycle is repeated again. With telogen hair loss, under the influence of some factors, the cycle is broken, and the hair remains in a resting phase. A few weeks after stopping the cycle, the first visual signs of alopecia appear. Such a disease can result in high body temperature, excessive intake of vitamin A, prolonged or severe stress, general anesthesia.
Deficiency of vitamins and minerals in the body can lead to the fact that the hair falls out strongly in the child. In most cases, this leads to a lack of magnesium, calcium, zinc and B vitamins.
Disorders in the work of the endocrine and digestive systems can also provoke hair loss.
In this article we have given an answer to the question why the hair falls out of the child. As you can see, this leads to quite "harmless" causes and serious diseases. Therefore, if you notice an increased hair loss in your baby, then immediately show it to the trichologist. It is better to be safe and visit a doctor once again, than to admit the appearance of a severe form of the disease with irreversible consequences.