About indoor plants, flower growers know not too little. Nevertheless, there are species that are capable of confounding even the most experienced of them. Therefore, we decided to talk about how the reproduction of orchids in the home. It should be noted that this process is possible not only with the help of cuttings.
This beauty can be multiplied by dividing the bush, using pseudobulbs or layers, using side shoots and seeds. However, any of the ways of reproduction will require you to have certain knowledge, which we want to share.
- Division of a bush
- Propagation by apical cuttings
- Reproduction by lateral shoots
- Propagation by pseudobulbs or layers
- Seed propagation
Division of a bush
It has already been said that the orchid multiplies in multiple ways. Now we will examine each of them in more detail.
Among all the existing techniques this is the most simple and suitable for most species of this indoor plant( see photo ).This kind of manipulation must begin in early spring. It was during this period that the orchids emerge from winter hibernation and are pleased with the first sprouts.
An old bulb without leaves can be separated by planting in another flower pot.
So, how does this process happen? The plant must be carefully and carefully removed from the pot, so as not to damage its roots. For this, the soil must be moistened beforehand. Then, tilting it in different directions, the container must be taped and only after that to remove the tubers and shake them off the earth coma. Further, the rhizome is cleared of the remains of the soil and cut between the bulbs. Particularly well, the process can be seen on numerous videos posted on the network.
Such "surgical" manipulations must be carried out with an exceptionally sharp and only disinfected knife. All places of cuts must necessarily be sprinkled with charcoal, and the thus obtained pieces are placed in clean flower pots with a special soil mixture, which is better to buy in a specialized store.
Propagation by apical cuttings
Quite often, flower growers practice the reproduction of orchids at home with the help of apical cuttings. Nevertheless, this method is more suitable for plants belonging to the monopodial species, vand, dendrobium, epidendrum and many others.
In plants of this type shoots are placed on the stem, having a clear distance, and they are characterized by growth from the upper point, without the formation of pseudobulbs.
Begins such a reproduction of orchids at home with a cut of the upper shoot, which is also made with an acute and disinfected knife. As a disinfectant, you can use:
- potassium permanganate;
- hydrogen peroxide.
For planted cuttings, care should be the same as for an adult plant.
Despite the fact that the reproduction of orchids at home by this method is not difficult, it is desirable to use it only for fast-growing types of indoor plants. All other flowers will take several years to develop the cuttings.
Reproduction by lateral shoots of
At home, reproduction by this method is acceptable for the known species of phalaenopsis orchids. Over time, the plant produces lateral shoots, which among the florists are called children. They are between the peduncles. Separating the side shoots from the mother stem( note the photo ), it is also possible to successfully grow new plants.
It should be noted that side shoots grow only when the orchid receives appropriate care.
Nevertheless, in order to multiply the plant by babies, it is possible to stimulate their active growth:
- by frequent spraying;
- fertilizing the flower with nitrogen fertilizers;
- increase in the room air temperature.
From the maternal flower only those lateral shoots are separated, which have already acquired their own air roots. In fact, they are already small, independent plants that can be safely planted in a separate flower pot, after separation and the previously described treatment.
Quite often in the home, these babies are covered with their own peduncles. In this case, separate lateral shoots can be separated only when the bud bloom completely ceases.
Propagation by pseudobulbs or layers
It is not unusual at home that orchids reproduce by lateral layers. Nevertheless, it is necessary to distinguish them from side shoots or children. Shoots appear on the flower on their own, and lateral layers are grown by a floriculturist, but this requires appropriate care.
This method is used for sympodial orchids, in which pseudobulbs in the nodes of the main stem have dormant buds. To accelerate the "growing up" of children, the leafless stem leans to the ground with extraordinary care and fits into the previously prepared sphagnum moss. You can also use expanded clay, but the first option is more reliable in achieving the desired result. The maximum available process is shown on the video posted on the network.
In this case, an important role in the awakening of kidney pseudobulbs is to care for them, which requires constant moisture in a kind of greenhouse. A very important point is the inadmissibility of contact of pseudobulbs with water during irrigation and providing them with good lighting.
If in a room where you at home provide kidney care, not enough daylight, then you need to take care of a good artificial lighting. Otherwise, the expectation of their awakening will be prolonged for an indefinitely long period or will not take place at all.
It should be noted that by providing proper care for sleeping kidneys, their germination will begin after just three weeks.
Propagation by seeds
It is possible to grow an orchid, but it is incredibly difficult, also by seeds. Nevertheless, it should be noted that the seeds of this flower are small enough, and they also lack nutrient tissue. Outwardly they rather remind not seeds, but very fine dust.
Therefore, growing a flower in this way will require a florist to prepare a special artificial nutrient medium. The whole process requires absolute sterility, which is available in laboratories, but not at home.
In order to obtain such a flower from seeds, it will be necessary:
- To create a special nutrient medium, which consists of chopped moss, a small amount of leaf land and a rather large amount of moisture.
- Sow seeds in rows without subsequent soiling.
- Maintain the sterile conditions that a clogged bottle can provide, an ideal temperature of 22 to 25 degrees and high humidity. Watering the seeds is not necessary. It is enough to sprinkle daily with warm soft water.
- After the appearance of the first shoots, and then the first leaves, the plant is dived.
- The formation of the second leaf will require secondary picks and the addition of peat and chopped fern roots to the soil.
- When forming the fourth leaf at home, the seedlings are again dived and planted in separate pots.
In words it is not difficult to provide this care, but in practice plant breeders face the opposite. It should also be noted that after such a method of growing an orchid, if it is completed safely, it is possible to expect the first flowers for several years.
Reading these points, it is difficult to imagine that germination of seeds requires three to six months, and to obtain a plant that can be planted in the ground, will have to wait another one to three to three years. And only after a long 48 months, the plant will please the flower grower with long-awaited flowering. Even if the care has been provided by the corresponding, then, for example, an orchid called the Venus shoe, can first blossom after 10 years.